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Difference between private and private[this]?

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When using private and private[this] do you know the difference?

When adding the scope to the private modifier (private[X]), it effectively behaves as a “up to” X, where X designates some enclosing package, class or singleton object.

For example, private[bar], where bar is a package means that every instance of every class belonging to package bar can access whichever member the modifier is restricting.

In the case of private[this], it means that the member is only accessible for each instance.
This becomes more clear in the following example:

class Foo(foo:Foo){  
  private[this] val i = 2
  println(this.i + foo.i)
}
error: value i is not a member of Foo
class Foo(foo:Foo){  
  private val i = 2
  println(this.i + foo.i)
}
defined class Foo

As you can see, the second Foo doesn’t have any problem since any instance can access the private val i. However for the first Foo there’s an error since each instance cannot see other instance’s i.

It’s a good practice to write private[this] since it imposes a bigger restriction.

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